Protected Areas

Protected sites in the altitudinal and phytogeographic regions

Highlands-West Highlands-Centre Highlands-East  
Shey-Phoksundo NP Annapurna CA Sagarmatha NP
Manaslu CA Makalu Barun NP
Langtang NP Kanchenjunga CA
Mid Hills-West Mid Hills-Centre Mid Hills-East
Khaptad NP Shivapuri NP
Rara NP
Dhorpatan HR
Tarai and Siwaliks-West Tarai and Siwaliks-Centre Tarai and Siwaliks-East
Bardia NP Chitwan NP Koshi Tappu WR
Suklaphanta WR Parsa WR

Protected areas of Nepal

S.N. Categories (Year of Establishment) Area(km2) and (%)  Altitude (m) 
National Parks (NP)
1 Chitwan NP (1973) 932  150-815
2 Bardia NP (1976/1988) 968  152-1494
3 Shivpuri NP (1984,NP in 2002) 144  1,366-2,732
4 Khaptad NP (1984) 225  1,000-3,276
5 Makalu Barun NP(1991) 1500  435-8,463
6 Sagarmatha NP (1976) 1148  2,800-8,850
7 Langtan NP (1976) 1710  792-7245
8 Shey Phoksundo NP (1984) 3,555  2,000-6,885
9 Rara NP (1976) 106  1,800-4,048
Sub Total 10288(35.5%)
Wildlife Reserves (WR)
1 Koshi Tappu WR (1976) 175 90.00
2 Parsa WR (1984) 499  150-815
3 Shuklaphanta WR (1976) 305  90-270
Sub Total 979(3.37%)
Hunting Reserves (HR)
1 Dhorpatan HR (1987) 1,325  2,850-7,000
Sub Total 1,325(4.56%)
Conservation Areas (CA)
1 Kanchenjunga CA (1997) 2,035  1,200-8,598
2 Manaslu CA (1998) 1,663  1,360-8,163
3 Annapurna CA (1986,1992) 7,629  1,000-8,092
Sub Total 11,327(39.05%)
Buffer Zones (BZ)
1 Chitwan NP (1996) 750
2 Bardia NP (1996) 328
3 Makalu Barun NP(1999) 830
4 Langtan NP (1998) 420
5 Koshi Tappu WR (2004) 173
6 Khaptad NP (2006) 216
7 Rara NP (2006) 198
8 Parsa WR (2005) 298.17
9 Sagarmatha NP (2002) 275
10 Suklaphanta WR (2004) 243.5
11 Shey Phoksundo NP (1998) 1349
Sub Total 5,079.67(17.52%)
Total Area 28,998.67  
  Total % of Nepal’s Territory 19.70%

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