Species Diversity

Species Richness and Endemics for Major Plant and Animal Grops
Taxa Total Reported in Pakistan Endemic Threatened
Mammals 195 6 20
Birds 668 ? 25
Reptiles 192 13 6
Amphibians 22 9 1
Fish (freshwater) 198 29 1
Fish (marine) 788  - 5
Echinoderms 25  - 2
Mollusks (Marine) 769  - 8
Crustaceans(Marine) 287  - 6
Annelids (Marine) 101  - 1
Insects >5000  -
Angiosperms 5700 380 ?
Gymnosperms 21  - ?
Pteridophytes 189  - ?
Algae 775 20 ?
Fungi >4500 2 ?

 

Wild Relatives of Crop Plants in Pakistan
Common Name Scientific Name Distribution in Pakistan
Wild relative of wheat Aegilops squarossus Mountain areas of Northern Pakistan
Aegilops triuncialis Mountain areas of Northern Pakistan
Wild relative of wheat Elymus borianum Endemic to Swat
Elymus kuromensis Endemic to Kurram
Elymus nodosus Kurram
Elymus stewarit Endemic to Kashmir
Elymus longe aristatus High alpine areas of Hindukush Himalayas and Karakorum
Elymus russetil Endemic to Karakorum
Elymus jacquemontil Endemic to Kashmir
Wild relative of barley Hordeum bogdanii Karakorum,Ziarat and Harboi Range
Hordeum spontaneum North Balokichistan
Hordeum murinum NWFP,Murree Hills
Oryza coarctata Indus Delta
Sorghum nitidum Hazara and Murree Hill tract
Sorghum hatepense Common weed throughout the country
Wild relatives of millet Pennisetum flaccidum High alpine slopes of   Karakorum,Hindukush, Himalayas
Wild relative of cotton Gossypium stocksii South Sindh
Wild relatives of mustard Brassica junacea Western area of Balokichistan
Brassica deflexa Western part of North Balokichistan
Wild relatives of kenaf Hibicus caesius North Punjab,NWFP,Kashmir
Hibiscus micranthus Sindh and Balokichistan
Hibiscus lobatus Salt range,Kurram Valley,Sindh
Wild relatives of chick pea Cicer macranthum  Hindukush,-Himalayas,-Karakorum
Cicer microphyllum  Hindukush,-Himalayas,-Karakorum
Wild relatives of bean Vigna spp
Wild relatives of fruits Pyrus pashia Temperate Himalayas
Mollus chitralensis Chitral
Prunus prostrate Temperate Himalayas
Wild almond Amygdalus brachuicus North Balokichistan
Wild cherry Cerrasus rechingeri North Balokichistan
Wild relatives of grapes Vitis jacquemontii Himalayas
Pomegranate Punica granatum Foothill Himalayas
Wild relatives of olive Olea ferruginea Lower hills of North Pakistan

.