Species Diversity

Estimated faunal diversity in India
Taxonomic group No.of species % in India
World India
PROTISTA (Protozoa) 31250 2577 8.24
ANIMALIA
Mesozoa 71 10 14.08
Porifera 4562 500 10.7
Cridaria 9916 842 8.49
Ctenphora 100 12 12
Platyhelminthes 17500 1622 9.22
Nemertinea 600  -
Rotifera 2500 330 13.2
Gastrotricha 3000 100 3.33
Kinorhyncha 100 10 10
Nematoda 30000 2850 9.5
Nematophora 250
Acanthocephala 800 229 28.62
Sipuncula 145 35 24.14
Mollusca 66535 5072 7.62
Echiura 127 43 33.86
Annelida 12700 840 6.61
Onycophora 100 1 1
Arthropoda 987949 68389 6.9
Crustacea 35534 2934 8.26
Insecta 867391 61151 6.9
Aachnida 73440 5818 7.9
Pyconogonida 600 16 2.67
Pauropoda 360  -
Chilopoda 3000 100 3.33
Diplopoda 7500 162 2.16
Symphyla 120 4 3.33
Merostomata 4 2 50
Phoronida 11 3 27.27
Bryozoa 4000 200 5
Entoprocta 60 10 16.66
Brachiopoda 30 3 1
Pogonophora 80  -
Pariapulida 8  -
Pentastomida 70  -
Chaetognatha 111 30 27.02
Tardigrada 514 30 5.83
Echinodermata 6223 765 12.29
Hemichordata 120 12 10
Chordata 48451 4994 10.4
Protochordata 2106 119 5.65
Pisces 21723 2546 11.72
Amphibia 5150 248 4.8
Reptilia 5817 460 7.91
Aves 9026 1232 13.66
Mammalia 4629 397 8.58
Total(Animal) 1196903 88391 7.25
Grand Total (Protista+Animalia 1228103 91212 7.43

 

Number of species in major groups of plants and micro organisms
Plant groups No.of species described % of India to the world
India World
Virus/Bacteria 850 8050 10.6
Algae 7175 40000 17.9
Fungi 14500 72000 20.1
Lichen 2223 13500 16.4
Bryophytes 2500 14500 17.2
Pteridophytes 1200 10000 12
Gymnosperms 67 650 10.3
Angiosperms 17527 250000 7.0

 

 Wild relatives of crop plants in India
Crop Number of wild relatives
Cereals and Millets 46
Pulses 81
Fruits 91
Spices and Condiments 28
Vegetables 76
Fibre crops 15
Oil seeds 14
Miscellaneous plants 28
Total 379

.